What’s Blooming in April?

The chart represents the approximate bloom times in Minnesota. Factors such as temperature and precipitation play a large role in how a plant fares year after year. Northern MN should also start a bit later and/or end a bit earlier than Southern MN.

Note that phenology has been a little unpredictable in recent years. In 2012 spring came exceptionally early (the chart below reflects that) so some plants that don't typically start blooming until May were blooming in April, or those that don't typically start blooming until the end of the month were already be blooming at the beginning of the month, some even blooming in March. In years with a longer than usual winter the opposite will likely be true. Play it by ear.

Only native plants are listed here. If you are looking for something specific, try the “find in page” feature of your browser (usually CTRL+F).

Reference: f = flowering. See also non-native bloom times.

April Native Plants
Plant NameWeek 1Week 2Week 3Week 4
Adoxa moschatellina Moschatelffff
Androsace occidentalis Western Rock Jasmineffff
Anemone acutiloba Sharp-lobed Hepaticaffff
Anemone americana Round-lobed Hepaticaffff
Anemone caroliniana Carolina anemone  ff
Anemone patens American Pasqueflowerffff
Anemone quinquefolia Wood Anemone   f
Antennaria neglecta Field Pussytoes  ff
Antennaria plantaginifolia Plantain-leaved Pussytoes  ff
Arabidopsis lyrata Lyre-leaved Rock Cressffff
Arceuthobium pusillum Eastern Dwarf Mistletoeffff
Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-Pulpit  ff
Asarum canadense Canadian Wild Ginger fff
Astragalus crassicarpus Ground Plum   f
Besseya bullii Kittentails   f
Boechera dentata Toothed Rock Cress  ff
Caltha palustris Marsh Marigoldffff
Cardamine bulbosa Spring Cress  ff
Cardamine concatenata Cutleaf Toothwort  ff
Cardamine parviflora Small-flowered Bittercress fff
Cardamine pensylvanica Pennsylvania Bittercress  ff
Caulophyllum thalictroides Blue Cohosh   f
Chamaedaphne calyculata Leather-leaf  ff
Chrysosplenium americanum American Golden Saxifrage fff
Claytonia caroliniana Carolina Spring Beauty  ff
Claytonia virginica Virginia Spring Beauty  ff
Dicentra canadensis Squirrel Cornffff
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's Breechesffff
Dodecatheon amethystinum Jeweled Shooting Starffff
Dodecatheon meadia Prairie Shooting Star  ff
Draba nemorosa Yellow Whitlow-grass  ff
Draba reptans Carolina Whitlow-grassffff
Enemion biternatum False Rue Anemone   f
Epigaea repens Trailing Arbutusffff
Erythronium albidum White Trout Lily fff
Erythronium americanum Yellow Trout Lily fff
Erythronium propullans Dwarf Trout Lily   f
Fragaria vesca Woodland Strawberry   f
Fragaria virginiana Wild Strawberry   f
Geum triflorum Prairie Smoke  ff
Jeffersonia diphylla Twinleaf   f
Lithospermum incisum Narrow-leaf Puccoon  ff
Lomatium orientale Northern Idaho Biscuitrootffff
Lysimachia minima Chaffweedffff
Menyanthes trifoliata Buckbean  ff
Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebells   f
Mitella diphylla Two-leaf Miterwort   f
Mitella nuda Naked Miterwortffff
Myosotis verna Spring Forget-me-notffff
Nothocalais cuspidata Prairie False Dandelion   f
Oxalis violacea Violet Wood Sorrelffff
Phlox divaricata Wild Blue Phlox   f
Plantago elongata Slender Plantain  ff
Ranunculus abortivus Little-leaf Buttercup  ff
Ranunculus fascicularis Early Buttercupffff
Ranunculus flabellaris Yellow Water Buttercup  ff
Ranunculus hispidus Hispid Buttercupffff
Ranunculus rhomboideus Prairie Buttercupffff
Rorippa sinuata Spreading Yellow-cressffff
Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodrootffff
Senecio integerrimus Lambstongue Ragwort   f
Symplocarpus foetidus Skunk Cabbageffff
Thalictrum dioicum Early Meadow Rue  ff
Thalictrum thalictroides Rue Anemone  ff
Trillium nivale Snow Trilliumffff
Uvularia grandiflora Large-flowered Bellwort fff
Uvularia sessilifolia Sessile-leaf Bellwort   f
Viola adunca Sand Violet  ff
Viola blanda Sweet White Violetffff
Viola canadensis Canadian White Violet fff
Viola cucullata Marsh Blue Violet fff
Viola macloskeyi var. pallens Small White Violet fff
Viola novae-angliae New England Violet  ff
Viola nuttallii Yellow Prairie Violet   f
Viola palmata var. pedatifida Prairie Violetffff
Viola pedata Birdfoot Violetffff
Viola pubescens Downy Yellow Violet fff
Viola renifolia Kidney-leaved Violet  ff
Viola sagittata Arrow-leaved Violet  ff
Viola sororia Common Blue Violet fff
Viola ×primulifolia Primrose-leaved Violetffff
Waldsteinia fragarioides Barren Strawberryffff