Cardamine concatenata (Cutleaf Toothwort)
|Also known as:|
|Habitat:||part shade; rich moist woods, stream banks|
|Bloom season:||April - May|
|Plant height:||8 to 16 inches|
|Wetland Indicator Status:||GP: FACU MW: FACU NCNE: FACU|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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A single raceme at the top of the plant, usually floppy but flowers may become erect in sunnier locations. Individual flowers are ½ to ¾ inch across when fully open, have 4 white to pale pinkish petals and 6 yellow stamens. The 4 sepals at the base of the flower are green to purplish and paler around the edges.
Leaves and stem:
All plants have basal leaves; flowering plants also have a single whorl of 3 leaves on the upper stem. Basal and stem leaves are similar, to 3 inches long and wide, palmately lobed, divided nearly to the base of the leaf into 3 to 5 main parts. Lobes are generally elliptical, coarsely toothed with large rounded teeth or additional small lobes and long leaf stalks. Leaves are hairless but the stem may be hairy in the upper part. Basal leaves are separated from the flowering stem.
One of the early spring woodland bloomers.
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Photos by K. Chayka taken at Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden, Minneapolis. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken at Eloise Butler and in the woods at Chominix Golf Course, Lino Lakes, Anoka County.
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?