Cardamine concatenata (Cutleaf Toothwort)

Plant Info
Also known as:
Family:Brassicaceae (Mustard)
Life cycle:perennial
Habitat:part shade; rich moist woods, stream banks
Bloom season:April - May
Plant height:8 to 16 inches
Wetland Indicator Status:GP: FACU MW: FACU NCNE: FACU
MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):Minnesota county distribution map
National distribution (click map to enlarge):National distribution map

Pick an image for a larger view. See the glossary for icon descriptions.

Detailed Information

Flower: Flower shape: 4-petals Cluster type: raceme

[photo of flowers] A single raceme at the top of the plant, usually floppy but flowers may become erect in sunnier locations. Individual flowers are ½ to ¾ inch across when fully open, have 4 white to pale pinkish petals and 6 yellow stamens. The 4 sepals at the base of the flower are green to purplish and paler around the edges.

Leaves and stem: Leaf attachment: basal Leaf attachment: whorl Leaf type: compound Leaf type: lobed Leaf type: palmate

[photo of leaves] All plants have basal leaves; flowering plants also have a single whorl of 3 leaves on the upper stem. Basal and stem leaves are similar, to 3 inches long and wide, palmately lobed, divided nearly to the base of the leaf into 3 to 5 main parts. Lobes are generally elliptical, coarsely toothed with large rounded teeth or additional small lobes and long leaf stalks. Leaves are hairless but the stem may be hairy in the upper part. Basal leaves are separated from the flowering stem.


One of the early spring woodland bloomers.

Please visit our sponsors

  • Minnesota Native Plant Society

Where to buy native seed and plants ↓

Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest

  • Natural Shore Technologies - Using science to improve land and water
  • Itasca Ladyslipper Farm - Native orchids, container grown
  • Prairie Restorations - Bringing people together with the land
  • Shop for native seeds and plants at!
  • Shooting Star Native Seeds - Native Prairie Grass and Wildflower Seeds

More photos

Photos by K. Chayka taken at Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden, Minneapolis. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken at Eloise Butler and in the woods at Chominix Golf Course, Lino Lakes, Anoka County.


Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?

Posted by: Jackie - Maple Plain
on: 2010-04-13 21:25:32

I saw many of these in Maple Plain, Minnesota yesterday (04.12.10) in the Baker Park Reserve. They were right off the road in the maple/basswood forest. Use extreme caution if looking...there are several ephemerials blooming including wild leeks, wild ginger, and bloodroot. They are fragile. First time I have ever seen them!

Posted by: Mary - Prior Lake Mn, Three Rivers Park (undeveloped)
on: 2012-04-28 10:51:26

There is a good amount of them off the trail in Three Rivers Park in Prior Lake so on to be developed. They are now not in full bloom. Hopefully when they develop the park they will not disturb them. There were masses of them and they are off the trail. Such a beautiful sight.

Posted by: Art and Barb - Nicollet County, near Nicollet, MN
on: 2016-04-18 08:39:36

04/16/16... While birding for Yellow-headed blackbirds near Swan Lake a few miles northeast of Nicollet, we followed a gravel 'public access' road through the swamps, came upon a small hardwood forest. Without stepping out of the car, one could observe the ephemerals spread across the shaded floor of the forest. After 75 years in the woodlands, this was our first encounter with the beautiful plant.

Posted by: Dee B - Madison Lake
on: 2017-04-25 15:26:39

4/23/17 We saw a lot these flowers along the Sakatah Bike Trail in Sakatah State Park by Waterville.

Posted by: Laurie O - Rice Creek Chain of Lakes Regional Park
on: 2017-05-04 07:01:11

Saw a bunch of these along the trail starting at the trailhead off of Aqua Rd.

Post a comment

Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission.

For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc.), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources.


Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because Id like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Thanks for your understanding.