Cardamine concatenata (Cutleaf Toothwort)

Plant Info
Also known as:
Family:Brassicaceae (Mustard)
Life cycle:perennial
Habitat:part shade; rich moist woods, stream banks
Bloom season:April - May
Plant height:8 to 16 inches
Wetland Indicator Status:GP: FACU MW: FACU NCNE: FACU
MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):Minnesota county distribution map
National distribution (click map to enlarge):National distribution map

Pick an image for a larger view. See the glossary for icon descriptions.

Detailed Information

Flower: Flower shape: 4-petals Cluster type: raceme

[photo of flowers] A single raceme at the top of the plant, usually floppy but flowers may become erect in sunnier locations. Individual flowers are ½ to ¾ inch across when fully open, have 4 white to pale pinkish petals and 6 yellow stamens. The 4 sepals at the base of the flower are green to purplish and paler around the edges.

Leaves and stem: Leaf attachment: basal Leaf attachment: whorl Leaf type: compound Leaf type: lobed Leaf type: palmate

[photo of leaves] All plants have basal leaves; flowering plants also have a single whorl of 3 leaves on the upper stem. Basal and stem leaves are similar, to 3 inches long and wide, palmately lobed, divided nearly to the base of the leaf into 3 to 5 main parts. Lobes are generally elliptical, coarsely toothed with large rounded teeth or additional small lobes and long leaf stalks. Leaves are hairless but the stem may be hairy in the upper part. Basal leaves are separated from the flowering stem.


One of the early spring woodland bloomers.

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More photos

Photos by K. Chayka taken at Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden, Minneapolis. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken at Eloise Butler and in the woods at Chominix Golf Course, Lino Lakes, Anoka County.


Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?

Posted by: Jackie - Maple Plain
on: 2010-04-13 21:25:32

I saw many of these in Maple Plain, Minnesota yesterday (04.12.10) in the Baker Park Reserve. They were right off the road in the maple/basswood forest. Use extreme caution if looking...there are several ephemerials blooming including wild leeks, wild ginger, and bloodroot. They are fragile. First time I have ever seen them!

Posted by: Mary - Prior Lake Mn, Three Rivers Park (undeveloped)
on: 2012-04-28 10:51:26

There is a good amount of them off the trail in Three Rivers Park in Prior Lake so on to be developed. They are now not in full bloom. Hopefully when they develop the park they will not disturb them. There were masses of them and they are off the trail. Such a beautiful sight.

Posted by: Art and Barb - Nicollet County, near Nicollet, MN
on: 2016-04-18 08:39:36

04/16/16... While birding for Yellow-headed blackbirds near Swan Lake a few miles northeast of Nicollet, we followed a gravel 'public access' road through the swamps, came upon a small hardwood forest. Without stepping out of the car, one could observe the ephemerals spread across the shaded floor of the forest. After 75 years in the woodlands, this was our first encounter with the beautiful plant.

Posted by: Dee B - Madison Lake
on: 2017-04-25 15:26:39

4/23/17 We saw a lot these flowers along the Sakatah Bike Trail in Sakatah State Park by Waterville.

Posted by: Laurie O - Rice Creek Chain of Lakes Regional Park
on: 2017-05-04 07:01:11

Saw a bunch of these along the trail starting at the trailhead off of Aqua Rd.

Posted by: Jessica - Byron
on: 2018-05-02 15:24:54

Found several patches of these in Oxbow Park today (Zumbro Trail). Most were not flowering yet, but a few were!

Posted by: Jane h - Wis. North central. Near high point in Price county
on: 2018-05-11 18:12:03

Spotted in the woods near Timms Hill the highest point in Wisconsin

Posted by: Irene - Rochester - Quarry Hill Nature Center
on: 2018-05-14 22:26:05

Several patches of these in the moist wooded areas. Many in bloom.

Posted by: Kate Clover - Nerstrant Woods SP
on: 2019-05-05 19:03:20

scattered patches, blooming at the end of the trout lily season

Posted by: Tyler Pieper - Victoria, MN
on: 2019-05-12 20:31:44

Was walking with my wife in Carver Park Reserve and observed many colonies in full bloom in wooded area (before we were told to "Get Out!" by nesting bald eagles).

Posted by: Ann - on the luce line trail between Willow Dr and Old Crystal Bay
on: 2020-04-18 09:15:25

also spring rue anemone

Posted by: Ron Johannsen - Trenton Lake
on: 2020-04-28 08:40:25

April 28th 2020 Cut Leaf Toothwort blooming, with Dutchman’s, Hepaticas, Buttercups, Adders tongue and others. Thanks

Posted by: Daniela Bell - Nerstrand Big Woods State Park
on: 2020-05-01 09:09:03

abundantly flowering on Hidden Falls trail, along with Dutchman's Breeches, Bellwort, Spring Beauty, Ginger, False Rue Anemone, Bloodroot, Marsh Marigold and of course the White Trout Lily and Dwarf Trout Lily. Truly a spectacular sight.

Posted by: Ron Johannsen - Trenton Lake, Freeborn
on: 2021-04-15 19:20:18

Millions blooming now.

Posted by: Kristy Cowdin - Nicollet, Minnesota
on: 2021-04-20 10:14:13

Carpeting the woodland floor on the east side of Middle Lake 1 mile NE of Nicollet. Perhaps it's not supposed to be eaten, but it has a very pleasant, subtle brassica flavor. (04/20/2021)

Posted by: Karen - Circle Pines Anoka County
on: 2021-05-02 09:12:07

These were blooming in partly shaded areas near the walking trail in Keller Woods near Circle Pines on May 1.

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