Sanguinaria canadensis (Bloodroot)
|Also known as:|
|Habitat:||part shade, shade; woods|
|Bloom season:||March - May|
|Plant height:||6 to 12 inches|
|Wetland Indicator Status:||GP: UPL MW: FACU NCNE: FACU|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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A single flower is at the end of a naked stem growing directly from the ground. Each flower typically has 8 to 10 white petals, but double flowers sometimes occur. The petals have many parallel veins and often 4 of the petals are longer than the others. In the center is a cluster of many golden yellow-tipped stamens. A flower blooms for only a day or two before dying.
Leaves and stem:
Leaves are basal and lobed in 3 to 9 parts, generally round in outline, up to 5 inches long and wide with a deep indent at the base. The leaf edges are scalloped or have large rounded teeth. A leaf initially wraps around the flower stalk but opens up and reaches full size when the flower wilts, its stem elongating several inches. Leaf and flower stems both are round and smooth with a reddish tint.
Bloodroot is one of the harbingers of spring, sometimes emerging while snow is still on the ground, and is a welcome sight after a long Minnesota winter. A red juice bleeds from broken stems, leaves and roots, and is where the common name originates.
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Where to buy native seed and plants ↓
- Bloodroot plants
- budding Bloodroot
- more plants
- Bloodroot seeds
- atypical double flowers
- Bloodroot with White Trout Lily and a bit of snow
Photos by K. Chayka taken at Nerstrand Big Woods State Park, Rice County, and Wild River State Park, Chisago County. Other photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk.
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?