Cypripedium reginae (Showy Lady's-slipper)
|Also known as:|
|Habitat:||shade, sun; moist prairies, sedge meadows, calcareous fens|
|Bloom season:||June - July|
|Plant height:||10 to 27 inches|
|Wetland Indicator Status:||GP: FACW MW: FACW NCNE: FACW|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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One or often two flowers at the top of the stem, the inflated slipper is 1 to 2 inches long, white heavily streaked with deep pink to nearly white and a rare genetic albino of pure white. Flower column white, dipped in yellow and fine splashed reds hung to dry in the slippers door. Petals and sepals are white, finely pubescent (hairy), oblong to 2 inches long. Lateral sepals are fused behind lip; dorsal (upper) sepal is erect and broader. A single leaf-like floral bract to 5 inches long sits at the top of the stem behind the ovary.
Leaves and stem:
4 to 12 leaves, broadly elliptical, 5 to 10 inches long, with wavy edges and strong longitudinal veining are evenly arranged and sheathing the stem. Several reduced leaves sheathe the lower part of the stem. Both stem and leaves richly bristled with glandular-pubescent hairs. Clumps of 20 or more stems may emerge from a single rhizome.
Notes:You are not a true Minnesotan if you cannot recognize this flower or know its name. It is our State Flower! Showing up on a wide variety of sites within its range, from wet to dry and sunny to deep shade. From the broad open meadow and road ditches of the NW they migrate deep into shady bogs in the Cass Lake Area. They are increasingly available in the nursery trade at a demanding price for gardeners wanting to test their earth skills. Stories of thievery are still told. Remember on bitter cold winter nights, we are the only state that boasts an orchid as its emblem.
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- Showy Lady's-slipper plants
- a budding flower
- a rare albino Showy Lady's-slipper
- white (not albino) Showy Lady's-slipper plants with Small Yellow Lady's-slipper in foreground
Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk, taken at numerous locations on state and federal land in Cass, Beltrami and Aitkin Counties and in private and commerical gardens in the Metro
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?
on: 2010-07-19 21:12:47
On my hunting land 1st time I've ever seen in this area had land for 30 yrs just came across flowering plant about a month ago right on my trail- I've since staked it out to protect it.
on: 2011-06-23 17:41:01
There are literally hundreds on showy lady slippers on the north side of Highway 11 going east from Badger to Roseau...and then continuing on as far as International Falls. This is the Lady Slipper route. There are also many north of Roseau on Hwy. 310 going to Canada and to the Northwest Angle.
They bloom about the middle of June and this year (2011) with all the cool wet rainy days they are prolific.
Also Lake Bronson State Park has many along their roadsides. It is truly a feast for the eyes.
on: 2012-06-22 10:11:50
Found these plants growing by our pond, they are lovely.
on: 2013-06-30 16:50:02
I was mowing an area I cleared off last winter and noticed a Showy Lady Slipper to my right. I also have both Yellow lady slippers.
on: 2013-07-07 14:47:32
Was camping in the Paul Bunyan State Forest over the 4th of July weekend and came across several patches of these flowers. Many are able to be seen from the road between Spur 2 and Gulch roads off Hwy 64.
on: 2014-06-08 22:48:33
We have plants growing in back of yard in trees. They have long leaves ,pointed. Gets about three feet tall, leaves look like ones on Lady Slippers,they get white only blossoms, turn to a dark black berry later in summer, they seem to be spreading the last few summers.
on: 2014-06-09 07:13:49
Carol, have you tried using the advanced search to find your plant?
on: 2015-06-02 21:57:17
I saw seven plants in full bloom today, June 2, 2015. We had an early spring this year.
on: 2015-06-26 13:24:09
The showy lady-slippers are lining the ditches this June, 2015. Pleased to find a patch in my own yard. No yellow ones seen this year.
on: 2016-02-03 20:50:25
relatively common in many point scout camp
on: 2016-06-14 11:31:42
A new segment of the Superior Hiking which traverses the park passes next to a large grove of cedar and patch of Showy Lady's-slipper. About 2 mile hike from Highway 23 and the Wild Valley trailhead. The park also has a small patch near the park headquarters. Typically blossom the end of June.
on: 2016-06-20 16:43:27
I had a clump of showy Lady Slippers growing in my yard. They have bloomed every year and have increased in number, but this year not a single bloom. Any reason for this ?
on: 2017-05-24 10:17:34
I love you
on: 2017-06-13 11:52:57
Can anyone tell me if the Showy Lady Slippers are blooming now and where I can find them in Southern MN? Thank you.
on: 2017-06-16 17:52:19
The Showies have just started blooming in the Itasca area. They should reach there peek in about a week.
on: 2017-06-30 08:54:58
I saw about four groups of Showy Lady's Slipper flowers growing in a ditch on MN-23. I estimate there were about 30-40 flowers total. Some were in full bloom but many were still budding. Gorgeous flowers!
on: 2017-07-10 12:24:35
ditches in several areas of Pennington, Marshall and Kittson county were filled with Showy Lady's Slipper along U.S Hwy 59 and other county roads. The photos I saw were taken between Thief River Falls and Newfolden along Hwy 59.
on: 2018-01-03 18:49:38
A few years ago I saw the standard color of these at Tamarack refuge in great quantities but then also found a large bunch of white ones. I remember they were right off of a road.
on: 2018-02-22 16:47:31
Beautiful flowers growing in the ditch, even the county mower knows not to mow these beauties down!
on: 2018-05-03 08:11:32
While doing a wetland delineation - found what looked like tulips coming out of the ground in the border of the wetland. Though just emerging I have no idea what these plants could be other than Lady Slippers. FYI - seems to be a good herd of them also. :)
on: 2018-06-22 20:57:03
Traveling today between Bemidji and Detroit Lakes along Hwys 92, 71 and 34 there were miles and miles with clumps of Showy Lady's Slipper on the roadsides. They were particulary abundant in the 71 and 34 areas that had less development. Highway 92 had occasional patches but homes and farms showed recent mowings all the way to the pavement. Other areas along Hwy 92 that would seem to be the right habitat also seemed to have been disturbed.
on: 2018-06-27 19:55:42
I have had pink and white Showy Lady Slippers in my yard for over 25 years. The deer love the buds. This year most of the flowers are pure white. Do you know why that might be?
on: 2019-01-22 21:16:49
We used to see the Showy Lady Slippers all over in the woods and the ditches around our area here in SW Beltrami county. Also common to see was the solid pink and yellow moccasin slippers.
on: 2019-06-14 15:02:04
I noticed a small clump of three shoots of which there was one blossom growing on my property. I decided to move them closer to my house and Now four years later, they have expanded to 17 shoots coming up. Last year there was 14, and many had three blossoms per shoot. I remember there being over thirty blossoms total. I hope they will be even more spectacular this year. They seem to spread pretty fast when they are in a location that they like.
on: 2019-07-01 08:51:00
There was a beautiful cluster in the ditch along Hwy 61, just south of McQuade Road. Someone dug them up!!!
on: 2019-07-08 11:21:14
So, a few years back (15 yrs) I moved some pods (with landowner permission)1.5 miles to my prairie remnant without realizing that it wasn't permissible. This spring I counted hundreds of flowers coming up in several clumps and areas. Just Wow!
on: 2019-07-08 12:06:17
Daniel, there shouldn't be any issue with a private, non-commercial transfer with the landowner's permission. I believe the statutes regarding removing orchids from the wild are targeting commercial growers. In MN you can do pretty much whatever you want on your own land.
on: 2019-07-15 07:57:28
About two miles into Jay Cooke State Park on the Superior Hiking Trail from the Wild Valley Parking area. I was there yesterday and it was amazing how many were blooming! At least a hundred. It was so, so beautiful!
on: 2022-07-14 06:12:54
Bought a house on the outskirts of Walker, found a ton of these on my property miss took them for weeds and sprayed em with round up. Didnt see any blooms on em so I assumed they where weeds. Then found out they where on my neighbors property. She was pissed