Orthilia secunda (One-sided Pyrola)

Plant Info
Also known as: One-sided Shinleaf, One-sided Wintergreen, Sidebells Wintergreen
Genus:Orthilia
Family:Ericaceae (Heath)
Life cycle:perennial
Origin:native
Habitat:part shade, shade; moist forests, bogs
Bloom season:June - July
Plant height:3 to 8 inches
Wetland Indicator Status:GP: FACU MW: FAC NCNE: FAC
MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):Minnesota county distribution map
National distribution (click map to enlarge):National distribution map

Pick an image for a larger view. See the glossary for icon descriptions.

Detailed Information

Flower: Flower shape: bell Flower shape: indistinct Cluster type: raceme

[photo of flowers] A raceme of 3 to 25 flowers on short stalks hanging from 1 side of the arcing stem at the top of the plant. Flowers are about ¼ inch long, creamy white to greenish white, urn-shaped, with several creamy-tipped stamens and a long, stout green style protruding from the center. There is often a scale-like leafy bract where the flower stalk attaches to the stem.

Leaves and stem: Leaf attachment: basal Leaf attachment: whorl Leaf type: simple

[photo of leaves] Leaves are basal or nearly so, whorled or nearly so,  ½ to 2 inches long, ¼ to 1¼ inches wide, generally egg-shaped with a softly pointed tip, hairless, toothless or finely toothed around the edges, on stalks up to ¾ inch long. The upper surface is typically a bit shiny. The flowering stem is smooth and may be green or tinged red.

Fruit: Fruit type: capsule/pod

[photo of fruit] Fruit is a flattened globular capsule about ¼ inch in diameter, the long style persisting even after the fruit dries. The stem elongates and becomes erect as fruit develops. The dried fruit persists to the next season.

Notes:

One-sided Pyrola is fairly common but may go unnoticed due to its diminutive size. It prefers the mossy floor of forests and bogs. It may form small colonies, spreading via rhizomes.

Please visit our sponsors

  • Wild Ones Twin Cities Chapter

Where to buy native seed and plants ↓

Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest

  • Minnesota Native Landscapes - Your Ecological Problem Solvers
  • Natural Shore Technologies - Using science to improve land and water
  • Itasca Ladyslipper Farm - Native orchids, container grown
  • Prairie Restorations - Bringing people together with the land
  • Shop for native seeds and plants at PrairieMoon.com!

More photos

Photos by K. Chayka and Peter M. Dziuk taken in Aitkin County.

Comments

Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?

Posted by: Sherrie - property on Cedar Lake outside of Ely MN
on: 2015-08-26 11:25:07

Have photos so identification can be verified.

Post a comment

Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission.

For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc.), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources.



(required)




Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because Id like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Thanks for your understanding.