Moneses uniflora (One-flowered Pyrola)
|Also known as:||One-flowered Wintergreen, Single Delight|
|Habitat:||part shade, shade; damp woods, bogs|
|Bloom season:||June - August|
|Plant height:||2 to 6 inches|
|Wetland Indicator Status:||GP: FAC MW: FAC NCNE: FAC|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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Single 5-petaled white flower, ½ to ¾ inch wide, typically nodding face down, on long smooth stalk with a small attending bract where the stalk hooks downward. Petals are egg-shaped with rounded tips and wavy edges; in the flower center is a large round green ovary with a stout style and enlarged 5 lobed stigma. 10 stout, hooked stamens with enlarged tips (anthers) surround the ovary; anthers have small narrowed pollen sacs.
Leaves are basal, 1 to 3 opposite sets or in groups of 3, oval or nearly round, edges nearly smooth to finely wavy-toothed, 1/3 to ¾ inches long, the blade longer or as long as the leaf stalk. Leaves are dark green, thin with a dull waxy sheen.
Notes:A commonly encountered favorite in cool damp northern woods and cedar/spruce bogs, One-flowered Pyrola appears in denser clusters but still requires getting down on your hands and knees to appreciate it delicate beauty.
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Photos by K. Chayka taken at Pennington Bog SNA, Beltrami county. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Beltrami, Cass and Aitkin counties.
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