Campanula rotundifolia (Harebell)
|Also known as:
|Bluebell Bellflower, Bluebells of Scotland
|part shade, sun; rocky slopes, open woods, meadows
|June - October
|6 to 20 inches
|Wetland Indicator Status:
|GP: FAC MW: FACU NCNE: FACU
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):
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A loose raceme of 1 to several stalked, mostly nodding flowers at the top of the stem. Flowers are about ¾ inch long, pale blue to violet to bright purple, bell shaped with 5 slightly flaring pointed lobes. A long style protrudes from the center, its tip splits into 3 parts. The calyx is a short tube with 5 spreading, thread-like lobes up to ½ inch long. The calyx and slender stalks are hairless.
Leaves and stem:
Basal leaves are up to 1-inch long, round to heart-shaped, hairless, long stalked, and usually wither away by the time the flowers bloom. Edges are toothless, or somewhat scalloped, or with large angular teeth. Stem leaves are alternate, up to 3 inches long, toothless, stalkless, and linear or nearly so. Lower leaves are crowded on the stem and up to 1/3 inch wide but usually less.
Leaves become narrower as they ascend the stem, the upper leaves less than 1/16 inch wide. Stems are multiple from the base, erect to ascending, very slender, unbranched except in the flowers, and usually hairless, sometimes with a few bristly hairs.
Harebell is a very hardy plant, often found growing in the barest of soils on bluffs, rock outcrops and the rocky north shore of Lake Superior, as well as in sandy prairies and open woods. It blooms all season long and adds a splash of color to what is often a stark habitat.
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- Harebell plant
- Harebell in prairie habitat
- Harebell on the north shore of Lake Superior
- basal leaves with large angular teeth
- bright purple flowers
- nearly white flowers
- atypical double flower
Photos by K. Chayka taken at Jay Cooke State Park, Carlton County, Wild River State Park, Chisago County, and in Hubbard County. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka and Lake counties.
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?