Glechoma hederacea (Ground Ivy)
|Also known as:||Creeping Charlie, Gill-over-the-Ground|
|Habitat:||part shade, shade; thickets, disturbed soil, lawns|
|Bloom season:||April - June|
|Plant height:||5 to 8 inches|
|Wetland Indicator Status:||GP: FACU MW: FACU NCNE: FACU|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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2 to 4 short-stalked flowers arising from leaf axils in the upper plant. Flowers are irregular, tubular, about ½ inch long, light blue to deep purple-blue or reddish-purple. The upper lip is notched and extends out, the lower lip is 3-lobed with dark spots and streaks on the large center lobe. The hairy calyx is green to purplish and forms a slender tube, tipped with 5 slightly flaring, sharply pointed lobes.
Leaves and stem:
Fruit is a dark nutlet.
Ground Ivy is an aggressive weed of lawns, gardens, roadsides, shores, woodlands and thickets.
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Where to buy native seed and plants ↓
- Ground Ivy plant
- Ground Ivy plants
- a dense mat of Ground Ivy leaves
- a mat of Ground Ivy in the woods
Photos by K. Chayka taken in Ramsey County. Other photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk.
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?