Campanula americana (American Bellflower)
|Also known as:||Tall Bellflower|
|Habitat:||part shade, shade; moist open woods, along shores|
|Bloom season:||July - September|
|Plant height:||2 to 6 feet|
|Wetland Indicator Status:||none|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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Flowers are about 1 inch across, with 5 blue petals and a cream-colored center ring. The petals have pointed tips, a vein down the center, and wavy or ruffled edges. A long curving style protrudes from the center. Flowers are clustered in a spike up to 30 inches long at the top of the plant, or in smaller clusters arising from leaf axils. Clusters may be sparsely or densely packed.
Leaves and stem:
Leaves are 3 to 6 inches long and ½ to 2 inches across, generally egg-shaped or oval, tapering to a sharp point at the tip. The leaf base tapers to narrow leaf stalks, abruptly when the base is more rounded. Leaf edges are serrated; the upper surface is rough. Leaves become gradually smaller and more narrow as they ascend the stem. Attachment is alternate. The main stem and leaf stalks are both hairy.
This species was formerly known as Campanulastrum americanum.
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Photos by K. Chayka taken at Fort Snelling State Park, St Paul and in Anoka County. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka County.
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?