Anemone americana (Round-lobed Hepatica)

Plant Info
Also known as: Liverleaf, Liverwort
Genus:Anemone
Family:Ranunculaceae (Buttercup)
Life cycle:perennial
Origin:native
Habitat:part shade, sun; mixed upland woods
Bloom season:April - May
Plant height:3 to 6 inches
MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):Minnesota county distribution map

Pick an image for a larger view. See the glossary for icon descriptions.

Detailed Information

Flower: Flower shape: 6-petals Flower shape: 7+petals

[photo of flower] A single flower ½ to 1 inch across is at the end of a hairy leafless stalk. There are 5 to 12 petal-like sepals, usually 6, and numerous white stamens surrounding a green center. Petal color ranges from violet to white, sometimes pinkish. Behind the flower are 3 large hairy bracts each up to ½ inch long, oval to egg-shaped with a blunt or rounded tip. One plant has a tuft of a few to many flowers.

Leaves and stems: Leaf attachment: basal Leaf type: lobed

[photo of leaves] Leaves are up to 3 inches long and wide on a slender hairy stalk up to 6 inches long, and lobed in 3 parts of similar size, each lobe generally round to oval with a well-rounded tip. The leaves don't start opening up until the flowers bloom.

 They are mostly solid green or 2-tone green through spring and summer, turn dark green or brown in fall and persist through the winter. They wither away when the plant starts blooming again the following spring.

Notes:

Hepaticas are among the first flowers to bloom in the spring. Sharp-lobed Hepatica and Round-lobed Hepatica have gone through a couple of name changes, at one time Hepatica acutiloba and H. americana respectively, and more recently considered different varieties of the same species, Hepatica nobilis var. acuta and var. obtusa respectively. Now they are different species again, in the Anemone genus, and closely related to the European species Anemone hepatica. The easiest way to differentiate Sharp-lobed from Round-lobed is—you guessed it—the round or pointed tips on leaves. The flowers are much the same and, while the tips of the bracts on Sharp-lobed may be more pointed than on Round-lobed, this can be subtle so is not necessarily a reliable distinction. Their ranges overlap significantly and may be found in the same habitat at the same time of year, though Round-lobed Hepatica may be found on drier sites in more acidic soils.

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More photos

Photos by K. Chayka taken at Wild River State Park, Chisago County, and Falls Creek SNA, Washington County. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Washington and Dakota counties.

Comments

Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?

Posted by: Pat - Pillager
on: 2011-11-06 08:49:35

I have these growing in my yard near Pillager along the Crow Wing River. They are really nice Spring bloomers.

Posted by: Lori - wisconsin
on: 2012-04-04 18:40:13

I have white ones blooming in my yard by the lake in north central Wisconsin

Posted by: Ken - Jay Cooke State Park
on: 2012-04-07 12:12:58

Saw several patches of these beauties in Jay Cooke State Park, near Duluth, on April 6

Posted by: Dennis - mille lacs
on: 2012-04-15 21:39:25

I have these growing all over my property -one of the first flowers.

Posted by: vickie - Crosslake
on: 2012-04-24 21:09:58

These are my favorite spring wildflowers!! I was so happy to see them today growing along our lake path, both white and pale lavender ones. Hope to find some of the deeper purple ones too.

Posted by: Sandra - Upper Red Lake
on: 2012-05-31 12:48:58

I saw a beautiful blue patch of these when hiking the Lost Forty on May 9.

Posted by: Sharon - Brimson area
on: 2013-06-10 20:57:40

I found several grouping of these flower (both purple and white) up by my cabin in the Brimson, MN area. So beautiful!

Posted by: Allen - Nevis
on: 2014-05-11 21:28:41

I saw a few of these and took a photo while going to my favorite trout lake in the Paul Bunyan State Forest on fishing opener weekend.

Posted by: Susan - Carlton County
on: 2014-05-18 12:17:47

They are abundant in the Blackhoof WMA, Carlton County. Gorgeous.

Posted by: Mona - Pequot Lakes/Jenkins area
on: 2014-05-22 11:15:56

This is the first time that we have seen these on our wooded property. Such a nice welcome to the warmer weather. I have the violet and white everywhere!

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