Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

Plant Info
Also known as: Nightcaps
Family:Ranunculaceae (Buttercup)
Life cycle:perennial
Habitat:shade; woods
Bloom season:April - June
Plant height:4 to 8 inches

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Detailed Information

Flower: Flower shape: 5-petals

[photo of flower] A single 1-inch wide flower rises above the leaves. Each flower has 4 to 9 sepals that look like petals, 5 is most common. Flower is usually white with a greenish-yellow center and many white stamens. It is occasionally pink. 

Leaves: Leaf attachment: whorl Leaf type: lobed

[photo of leaves] Whorls of 3 to 5 leaves; each leaf is about 1¼ inches long, lobed or deeply divided and has coarse rounded teeth. The leaves and stem are covered in fine hairs.


Wood Anemone tends to grow in thick mats. A single plant may take 5 years or longer to flower, so often only a few flowers are seen among the leaves.

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More photos

All photos taken at Coon Rapids Dam Regional Park, Coon Rapids, MN April 2007.


Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?

Posted by: Jill - Harris, Mn
on: 2011-05-08 16:32:58

Just west of Hwy 35 in the woods at a friends home. The patch is about 10ft area.

Posted by: Pat - Pillager
on: 2012-02-09 00:13:36

I have these growing in my yard. Very delightful in Spring. They disappear in summer.

Posted by: Kay - Hennipin County
on: 2012-05-29 16:23:34

I always thought this was a purple plant. Does anyone know of a similar flower in purple?

Posted by: lou - Moose Lake, MN
on: 2012-05-31 18:47:25

Lovely to see covering the forest floor. A carpet of joy!

Posted by: Renae - Carley State Park, Wabasha County, MN
on: 2013-05-27 14:52:53

I saw both white and pink Wood Anemone in Carley State Park today (Memorial Day).

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