Geum canadense (White Avens)
|Also known as:|
|Habitat:||part shade, shade; thickets, woods|
|Bloom season:||May - July|
|Plant height:||1 to 3 feet|
|Wetland Indicator Status:||GP: FAC MW: FAC NCNE: FAC|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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1 to 3 long-stalked flowers at the top of the stem and arising from leaf axils in the upper plant. Flowers are ½ inch wide with 5 white rounded petals, alternating with 5 pointed green sepals, as long as or shorter than the petals and dark green but pale around the edges. Numerous creamy tipped stamens surround a dome-shaped center covered with numerous thick green styles.
Leaves and stem:
Basal leaves are long stalked and compound with 3 to 7 leaflets. Leaflets are coarsely toothed variably hairy. The end leaflet is the largest, up to 4 inches long and 3 inches across, often lobed in 2 or 3 parts in the lower plant. Lateral leaflets are variable in shape but mostly oval to diamond shaped.
Stem leaves are mostly palmately compound in 3s, becoming smaller and shorter stalked as they ascend the stem, eventually becoming simple in the flower cluster. Stems are slightly hairy and may feel rough, mostly erect with a few branches in the upper plant.
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Photos by K. Chayka taken in Ramsey County. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Dakota County.
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