Calystegia sepium (Hedge Bindweed)

Plant Info
Also known as: Hedge False Bindweed
Genus:Calystegia
Family:Convolvulaceae (Morning Glory)
Life cycle:perennial
Origin:native
Habitat:part shade, sun; moist to average soil; fields, edges of woods, roadsides, along railroads
Bloom season:June - September
Plant height:3 to 10 foot vine
Wetland Indicator Status:GP: FAC MW: FAC NCNE: FAC
MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):Minnesota county distribution map
National distribution (click map to enlarge):National distribution map

Pick an image for a larger view. See the glossary for icon descriptions.

Detailed Information

Flower: Flower shape: 5-petals Flower shape: bell Flower shape: tubular

[photo of flowers] 2 to 3-inch long, stalked, funnel-shaped flowers arising from leaf axils all along the stem. Flowers have 5 petals fused together; petal color ranges from pure white to pink or lavender. At the base of the tube's throat is a spot of yellow, with the stigma in the center. A flower usually lasts only 1 day, opening in the morning and closing in the afternoon, but may stay open all day in favorable conditions.

Leaves and stem: Leaf attachment: alternate Leaf type: simple

[photo of leaves] Leaves are up to 5 inches long and 3 inches across, toothless and hairless, typically arrowhead-shaped with a sharply pointed tip, angled lobes at the base, and a long stalk. Stems are mostly smooth and lack tendrils, so climbs or wraps around other plants for support.

Fruit: Fruit type: capsule/pod

[photo of fruit] Fruit is a small round capsule containing a few seeds, that persists through winter.

Notes:

Hedge Bindweed is often seen climbing up shrubs, fences and in open fields. It is similar to Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis), a weedier species with smaller flowers and leaves. Also similar is Low False Bindweed (Calystegia spithamaea), a low-growing, non-vining plant of drier sandy or rocky soil, often in Jack Pine forest.

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More photos

Photos by K. Chayka taken at Long Lake Regional Park, Ramsey County, and at Mille Lacs Lake. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Hennepin and McLeod counties.

Comments

Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?

Posted by: Todd - Dakota County
on: 2009-07-22 11:42:48

I saw this blooming today in UMore Park.

Posted by: Tony - Castle Rock Township
on: 2009-07-31 21:43:47

Saw this growing in patches of wild blackberries

Posted by: LAC
on: 2009-08-13 22:10:34

They are all up and down the shores of the backwaters of the Mississippi River from Hastings to Red Wing. I have tons of pictures and plan to harvest some seeds this fall.

Posted by: Pat - Pillager, Mn
on: 2011-11-06 22:38:32

Found this growing in a wet ditch this summer near Pillager. The vines were climbing up other shrubs and small trees.

Posted by: S - Munger Trail Duluth section
on: 2012-09-01 14:41:49

Saw this climbing up a couple trees--may have been Field Bindweed, but I hope not, as that is considered noxious...

Posted by: K. Chayka
on: 2012-09-02 01:32:34

Field bindweed doesn't tend to climb trees, so you probably saw the native.

Posted by: Brian - St. Peter
on: 2015-03-08 10:37:26

I saw this species in bloom at Shooting Star Prairie SNA (Mower County, near the Iowa border) on August 1, 2013.

Posted by: Keira - St Paul
on: 2015-07-13 12:08:54

Found this along the river near Hariett Park.

Posted by: Kat - Hubbard County
on: 2015-07-19 15:54:10

I just found the Hedge Bindweed pn my road in rural Hubbard County, just over the Beltrami County line.

Posted by: Katie - St. Paul
on: 2015-07-22 21:18:45

St. Paul West Side. My yard is full of it.

Posted by: Melissa - St. Paul
on: 2015-09-20 02:18:37

Do these have prickly looking seeds? I have something that looks like this flower on a 2.5-3 foot bush. It's spreading in the neighborhood - but they have ping pong ball size seeds with spiky looking thorns on the seed balls.

Posted by: K. Chayka
on: 2015-09-20 09:31:27

Melissa, what you describe is wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata), which has very different leaves.

Posted by: Veronica - Pennington County
on: 2015-09-28 16:24:53

I found a wild one growing in my backyard.

Posted by: Betty - Lake George, Hubbard County
on: 2016-07-08 22:18:19

I found one flower while blueberry picking.

Posted by: Dennae - Dodge Center
on: 2016-07-24 11:33:03

I have these in my rock garden in dodge county. Any tips on how to get rid of this would be appreciated. They choke my monarch friendly plants!

Posted by: Tammy O. - Jordan, Scott Co.
on: 2016-08-25 22:25:36

I saw one white flower with a lot more of it's greenery. It was ground level. Interestingly, I also noticed very little milkweed. I noticed another comment accusing this plant of "choking monarch friendly plants". Is this plant guilty of this?

Posted by: K. Chayka
on: 2016-08-26 18:07:38

Tammy, in the wild hedge bindweed doesn't really out-compete other plants and choke them out, though I have seen some pretty robust vines. Human interference in the natural order (including cultivation) can be a cause for natives going hog wild.

Posted by: William M - Forest Lake, MN
on: 2017-09-04 09:08:22

I think we have a white one of this variety. It grew up in the rocks next to our patio. It seems to me that the plant is delicate and the leaves are as shown and are soft. There are more flowers to come from a long closed petal that points straight up. We didn't pick it because we wanted to see what it was. It flowered on September 4th and is a beautiful flower. Let me know if it is toxic or noxious. My wife is a gardener and has 5 flower gardens. Is it OK to grow a few of these or will they spread and take over? Thanks

Posted by: cheryl batson - french regional park in plymouth mn
on: 2018-06-30 08:31:59

This is in the marsh area of French. It is the pink and white variant which o think os quite pretty!

Posted by: Bonnie H - Bradshaw lake WMA score county
on: 2018-07-01 21:11:37

I was walking in the unmowed WMA, tripping on vines in the weeds. Finally looked down to see what it was and found white blossoms on the vibes. Searched and this is it

Posted by: Mikayla Smolensky - Beltrami Island State Forest
on: 2018-07-02 13:21:22

Found in Beltrami Island State Forest in Roseau County in a Jack Pine stand

Posted by: Angela Simmons - Rochester
on: 2020-01-11 21:39:15

A UK survey of 220 or so flowering plants placed this plant in the top 10 (number 6) for per-flower nectar sugar production. People should keep that in mind if they think it being competitive with other plants is so bad. It also has pretty flowers. Yes, we're not the UK but the plant clearly has pollinator benefit, unlike a lot of garden flowers and some natives, too.

Posted by: luciearl - Gull Lake, Nisswa
on: 2020-08-04 12:04:37

Found this growing on the beach of east side of the lake. Pink tinged, so I guess it is native.

Posted by: gary - Carlton
on: 2020-08-20 11:08:27

There are some huge vines of this species on the Munger Trail at one of the crossings for Otter Creek. But I just read that there are 4 subspecies in the US one of which is not native. So, does MN have only one subspecies (ssp. americana)?

Posted by: K. Chayka
on: 2020-08-20 14:53:26

Gary, according to the annotated statewide checklist compiled by Anita Cholewa, last updated in 2017 just before she retired from the Bell Herbarium, there are supposedly 4 subspecies present in MN, but most specimens in the herbarium are not identified to subspecies so their true distribution is unknown.

Having said that, subsp. americana is apparently the most common, subsp. angulata is only known from McLeod County, subsp. sepium is only known from Clearwater County, and subsp. appalachiana is reported at USDA-NRCS but there are no specimens for it at the Bell. BTW, BONAP lists 6 subspecies total.

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