Veronicastrum virginicum (Culver's Root)

Plant Info
Also known as:
Family:Plantaginaceae (Plantain)
Life cycle:perennial
Habitat:part shade, sun; fields, prairies, edges of woods
Bloom season:June - August
Plant height:3 to 6 feet
Wetland Indicator Status:GP: FAC MW: FAC NCNE: FAC
MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):Minnesota county distribution map
National distribution (click map to enlarge):National distribution map

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Detailed Information

Flower: Flower shape: 4-petals Flower shape: tubular Cluster type: spike

[photo of flowers] Spike cluster up to 10 inches long densely packed with 4-parted white tubular flowers, each about ¼ inch long with 2 yellow or reddish brown-tipped stamens. The flowers bloom from the bottom of the spike up. Several spikes surround the main spike at the top of the plant.

Leaves and stem: Leaf attachment: whorl Leaf type: simple

[photo of leaves] Leaves are whorled in groups of 3 to 7, with 4 or 5 most common. Each leaf is up to 8 inches long and 1½ inches wide with sharp, fine teeth, tapering to a point at both ends, with little or no leaf stalk. The underside of the leaves is hairy. The main stem is smooth and round.


Like a number of other species formerly in the Scrophulariaceae (Figwort) family, Veronicastrum has been reassigned to Plantaginaceae (Plantain).

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More photos

Photos by K. Chayka taken at Long Lake Regional Park, Ramsey County. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka County.


Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?

Posted by: PD Wythe - Todd County
on: 2009-12-24 21:55:01

Saw these along a ditch in early July 2009. On Hy 27 from Little Falls to Long Prairie.

Posted by: Lynnette - SE Dakota County, Ravenna Township
on: 2011-08-15 15:57:52

Growing on our property...

Posted by: Tom - Redwood county
on: 2012-06-23 23:23:24

I have 2 large bunchs of culvers root growing on my native prairie north and west of Morgan Mn.

Posted by: Robin - Northwood Park, New Hope, MN.
on: 2012-07-01 09:01:49

Some are just starting to open along the soccer side of the creek.

Posted by: Nancy - Etna
on: 2014-08-10 11:02:51

Culver's Root now blooming in all the ditches with sun flowers, both creeping and tall bell flower, cup plant, and wild bergamot!

Posted by: Kenny h - East of rose creek on shooting star trail
on: 2017-07-26 16:24:39

I found a PINK Culvers often does that happen...took photos.

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