Phryma leptostachya (American Lopseed)
|Also known as:
|part shade, shade; moist woods, thickets
|June - August
|1 to 3 feet
|Wetland Indicator Status:
|GP: FACU MW: UPL NCNE: FACU
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):
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Flowers are oppositely attached in spikes that arise from the leaf axils near the top of the plant, and at the top of the main stem. Individual flowers are about ¼ long and wide, tubular, with 1 short notched top lobe that turns up and 3 longer bottom lobes that extend out. The top lobe is pink-tinged with a dark pink streak along the top outside, the bottom lobes are pale pink to white. There are 4 yellow-tipped stamens inside the tube.
Leaves and stem:
Leaves are roughly egg-shaped, to 6 inches long and 4 inches wide, coarsely toothed, softly hairy, with a pointed tip and tapering abruptly or rounded at the base. Leaves at the top of the plant are smallest, near the base of the plant are broadest and have longer stalks than at the top. Attachment is opposite, with each pair at right angles to the pair below. The main stem is angled and hairy.
American Lopseed and Pointed-leaf Tick-trefoil both have pink spikes and grow in the woods at the same time, sometimes right next to each other. The leaves of Pointed-leaf Tick-trefoil are compound and toothless, and its flowers have a broad, round upper lip. At one time Phryma was in family Phrymaceae (Lopseed), then it was moved to Verbenaceae (Verbena), now it's back in Phrymaceae.
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Photos taken at Long Lake Regional Park, New Brighton, MN July 2008
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?