Uvularia grandiflora (Large-flowered Bellwort)
|Also known as:|
|Habitat:||part shade, shade; moist woods|
|Bloom season:||April - June|
|Plant height:||1 to 2 feet|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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Leaves and stem:
Leaves are up to 6 inches long and 2 inches wide with pointed tips; the base of the leaf is round and completely surrounds the main stem (perfoliate). There are several distinct veins running parallel to the main central vein, the leaf edges are often rolled under, and there are fine white hairs along the veins on the underside. Attachment is alternate. Stems are smooth and light green; a plant often has multiple stems, growing in a clump.
Large-flowered Bellwort is easy to ID from the twisted flower petals and perfoliate leaves. Formerly in the Liliaceae (Lily) family, Uvularia has been reassigned to Colchicaceae (Autumn-crocus).
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Photos by K. Chayka taken at Wild River State Park, Chisago County. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka County.
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?