Enemion biternatum (False Rue Anemone)

Plant Info
Also known as:
Genus:Enemion
Family:Ranunculaceae (Buttercup)
Life cycle:perennial
Origin:native
Habitat:part shade, shade; deciduous woods
Bloom season:April - May
Plant height:4 to 16 inches
MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):Minnesota county distribution map
National distribution (click map to enlarge):National distribution map

Pick an image for a larger view. See the glossary for icon descriptions.

Detailed Information

Flower: Flower shape: 5-petals

[photo of flowers] Flowers are ½ to ¾ inch across, 5 white petal-like sepals and numerous yellow stamens. There are 1 to a few flowers on stems that arise from the leaf axils in the upper part of the plant.

Leaves and stem: Leaf attachment: alternate Leaf type: compound Leaf type: lobed

[photo of leaves] Basal and stem leaves are similar and 2 or 3 times compound in groups of 3. Leaflets are to 1 inch long and wide, toothless, hairless, and deeply lobed into 2 or 3 parts, with each lobe notched or further divided and a minute point at the tip of each lobe. Basal leaves are long stalked, stem leaves become shorter stalked as they ascend the stem. Stems are slender, hairless, reddish, multiple from the base, and typically branched in the upper plant. Plants can create small colonies from short rhizomes.

Fruit: Fruit type: capsule/pod

[photo of fruit] Fruit is a star-shaped cluster of 4 to 6 capsules. Capsules are slightly flattened, teardrop shaped, about 1/6 inch long.

Notes:

False Rue Anemone is among the early spring bloomers and may be confused with Wood Anemone (Anemone quinquefolia) or Rue Anemone (Thalictrum thalictroides). The flowers of both those plants may have more than 5 sepals where False Rue Anemone always has 5. Both the other plants have whorled leaves and grow lower to the ground; False Rue Anemone has alternate stem leaves and is typically branched in the upper plant.

Please visit our sponsors

  • Minnesota Native Plant Society

Where to buy native seed and plants ↓

Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest

  • Minnesota Native Landscapes - Your Ecological Problem Solvers
  • Natural Shore Technologies - Using science to improve land and water
  • Itasca Ladyslipper Farm - Native orchids, container grown
  • Prairie Restorations - Bringing people together with the land
  • Shop for native seeds and plants at PrairieMoon.com!

More photos

Photos by K. Chayka taken at Nerstrand Big Woods State Park, Rice County. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Goodhue County.

Comments

Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?

Posted by: wildwood - Fairmont
on: 2011-05-05 04:45:19

I have masses of these growing in my woodland back yard in southern Minnesota!

Posted by: Sarah - South Central MN
on: 2012-02-10 09:04:27

I've just begun to see this popping up all over the woods behind my parents' house. I'm making a dedicated effort to ID as much of the stuff growing on our property as I can, and this one is definitely a favorite sight in early spring.

Posted by: Suzy - SE Fillmore County
on: 2012-03-29 10:34:54

I am covered up with these flowers. Our farm is in the big woods on the South Fork of the Root River.

Posted by: Jake - Minnehaha Falls
on: 2014-12-03 10:27:45

I photographed large colonies of these at Minnehaha Falls Park in Minneapolis this spring

Post a comment

Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission.

For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc.), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources.



(required)




Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because Iíd like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Thanks for your understanding.