Sanguinaria canadensis (Bloodroot)
|Also known as:|
|Habitat:||part shade, shade; woods|
|Bloom season:||March - May|
|Plant height:||6 to 12 inches|
|USDA PLANTS database:||Minnesota county distribution map|
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A single flower is at the end of a naked stem growing directly from the ground. Each flower typically has 8 to 10 white petals, but double flowers sometimes occur. The petals have many parallel veins and often 4 of the petals are longer than the others. In the center is a cluster of many golden yellow-tipped stamens. A flower blooms for only a day or two before dying.
Leaves and stem:
Leaves are basal and lobed in 3 to 9 parts, generally round in outline, up to 5 inches long and wide with a deep indent at the base. The leaf edges are scalloped or have large rounded teeth. A leaf initially wraps around the flower stalk but opens up and reaches full size when the flower wilts, its stem elongating several inches. Leaf and flower stems both are round and smooth with a reddish tint.
Notes:A red juice bleeds from broken stems, leaves and roots, and is where the common name originates.
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Photos taken at Nerstrand Big Woods State Park, Nerstrand, MN and Wild River State Park, Center City, MN April-June 2008
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?