Anemone patens (American Pasqueflower)
|Also known as:||Eastern Pasque Flower, Prairie Crocus, Cutleaf Anemone|
|Habitat:||part shade, sun; dry sandy soil; prairies, open woods|
|Bloom season:||March - May|
|Plant height:||3 to 18 inches|
|MN county distribution (click map to enlarge):|
|National distribution (click map to enlarge):|
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A single flower 1 to 2 inches across at the top of a densely hairy stalk, with 5 to 7 (typically 6) blue-violet to white petal-like sepals and numerous yellow stamens surrounding a light green columnar center. The sepals are pointed at the tip and lined with numerous parallel veins.
Leaves and stem:
A few basal leaves on long stalks emerge after the flowers bloom. Leaves and stems are densely covered in long silky hairs. The stems elongate when the fruit starts developing. A plant often has several stems.
Pasqueflower is one of the first flowers to bloom in the spring, often coming up while there is still snow on the ground. Look for it on south facing slopes in dry to average sandy soil, typically in scattered clumps. It does very well as a garden plant. This species also commonly goes by Latin name Pulsatilla patens and less commonly Pulsatilla nuttalliana. There are multiple varieties (or subspecies, depending on the reference) with A. patens var. multifida found in Minnesota and much of North America.
Where to buy native seed and plants
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- a clump of Pasqueflower
- more plants
- garden grown Pasqueflower
- Pasqueflower in various stages of development
- fruiting plants
Photos by K. Chayka and Peter M. Dziuk, taken at the Baxter/Brainerd Northland Arboretum and at Hastings Sand-Coulee SNA in Dakoka County. Additional photos by Peter M. Dziuk taken at a private garden in Lino Lakes
Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it?